Raspberry Pi VNC [Remote Login]

Raspberry Pi VNC [Remote Login]


Raspberry Pi VNC Remote Login is another way you can achieve remote control. VNC is a graphical desktop sharing system that allows you to remotely control the desktop interface of one computer (VNC Server) from another computer or mobile device (VNC Viewer). We’ll quickly go through the steps of setting this up.

Raspberry Pi VNC Setup

Very simple process. Install the latest VNC:

# sudo apt-get update
# sudo apt-get install realvnc-vnc-server realvnc-vnc-viewer

Enable VNC Server:

# sudo raspi-config

Go to “Interfacing Options”:

Raspberry Pi Remote Login with VNC Config

check VNC -> Yes:

Raspberry Pi Remote Login with VNC VNC

RaspPi is now ready 🙂

Eastablishing a Direct connection

Take your RaspPi IP address:

# ifconfig
eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500
      inet netmask broadcast
      inet6 ffff::bc37:ffff:fffd:af3d prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x20<link>
      ether b8:27:eb:fd:bb:3c txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet)
      RX packets 584281 bytes 190287196 (181.4 MiB)
      RX errors 10 dropped 22 overruns 0 frame 0
      TX packets 351963 bytes 394551142 (376.2 MiB)
      TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0

Run VNCViewer (RealVNC, Windows in this case), enter IP address and hit enter:

Raspberry Pi Remote Login with VNC Viewer

You’re in. The system I used has a display in portrait mode, so don’t mind the height:

Raspberry Pi Remote Login with VNC Desktop

That’s basically it for Raspberry Pi VNC Remote Login. If you’re connecting from a non-RealVNC Viewer app, you might need to downgrade your VNC Server’s authentication scheme (set password unique to VNC Server). Open the /root/.vnc/config.d/vncserver-x11 config file:

Replace Authentication=SystemAuth

To set a password, run:

# sudo vncpasswd -service

Restart VNC Server. You can create virtual desktop too. If you run:

# vncserver

VNC(R) Server 6.2.1 (r32538) ARMv6 (Dec 1 2017 12:57:59)
Copyright (C) 2002-2017 RealVNC Ltd.
RealVNC and VNC are trademarks of RealVNC Ltd and are protected by trademark
registrations and/or pending trademark applications in the European Union,
United States of America and other jurisdictions.
Protected by UK patent 2481870; US patent 8760366; EU patent 2652951.
See https://www.realvnc.com for information on VNC.
For third party acknowledgements see:

xauth: file /root/.Xauthority does not exist
On some distributions (in particular Red Hat), you may get a better experience
by running vncserver-virtual in conjunction with the system Xorg server, rather
than the old version built-in to Xvnc. More desktop environments and
applications will likely be compatible. For more information on this alternative
implementation, please see: https://www.realvnc.com/doclink/kb-546

Running applications in /etc/vnc/xstartup

VNC Server catchphrase: "Aztec xray romeo. Fashion bikini taxes."
signature: a3-5f-ac-73-c5-db-2d-10

Log file is /root/.vnc/raspberrypi:1.log
New desktop is raspberrypi:1 (

We’ll end up with a new virtual desktop on To destroy it, type:

# vncserver -kill :<display-number>


It’s relatively straightforward process, nothing complicated and it’s working just fine. Could you ask for more? I didn’t experiment much with other clients (Viewers), but I expect them to be the same. One disadvantage maybe with VNC. It’s mostly used when you need the control within the same network area (both computers on the same LAN). Of course, it’s not impossible to connect PC and RaspPi which reside in different networks, but it might require some port forwarding adjustments on your router or something more complex.  Alternatively, you can setup a DMZ (demilitarized zone) on your router, which basically opens up that server/ip towards the world/internet. Easier, but more riskier.